The third estate consisted of merchants, businessmen,lawyers and peasants. The french revolution made a lot of changes happen. Under the Old Order, the king was at the top, and three social groups called estates were under him. He tried to rule like a constitutional monarch of the conservative type. Also, revolutionary ideas were instilled within the people during the Enlightenment. He imposed heavy censorship on press.
Although only prosperous peasants were able to purchase land confiscated from the church and the emigrant nobility, France became increasingly a land of peasant proprietors. The three most important causes of the. The condition of the farmers was very miserable. A comparison of the social and economic incidence of taxes collected for the central governments. The Catholic Church maintained a rigid hierarchy as abbots and bishops were all members of the nobility and canons were all members of wealthy bourgeois families. Then needs of an increasing population were not being met. A five-man committee ruled the country.
The last one had met in 1616. The French Revolution is not only a significant event in the history of Europe but of the entire world. However, from some unknown place a shot was fired, and the British opened up on the Americans. In the 1780's, Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Jefferson came to France as diplomats, and their presence in Paris greatly impressed the French people. This made the Royalists, Republicans and Bonapartists to dislike him. The French learned from the Americans about their revolution and they helped them gain their independence from Britain.
Everyone in the National Assembly thought the king should still be the head of government but Louis refused to agree to the end of the feudalism or the declaration of the rights of man and the citizen. After their great revolution of 1789, France was the acknowledged leader of the progressive opinion in Europe. The new constitution was completed by July, 1790, and the king accepted it. Defective Administration The French administration was not being properly carried on. The French Revolution of 1789-1799 was one of the most important events in the history of the world.
Not too much time passed and soon it became evident that the reforms of the 1848 revolution were tainted by Napoleon's secret police, returning to press restrictions, and granting the unions limited rights to strike. Dislike of the nobility was especially intense. While social inequalities were driving poor people toward revolt, new ideas from the Enlightenment were also inspiring the French Revolution. There were small instances of Parliament's control that bothered the colonists, like the. The Origins of the French Revolution 2005. A legislative assemble was elected, and it met from October, 1791, to September, 1792. Persons like Voltaire and Mirabeau became the victims of the authority contained in the letters de cachet.
Since the 1770s, several attempts by different ministers to introduce financial stability had failed. He published a report on the income and expenditure of the State in order to arouse the people. This worsened during the eighteenth century. The most concrete results of the French Revolution were probably achieved in 1789-91, when land was freed from customary burdens and the old corporate society was destroyed. There must be a set of some vital causes at the back of every revolution. The legislative assembly was dominated by the Girondists, who wished to set up a federal republic. At the beginning of the Revolution, events seemed minor and proceeded in a logical fashion.
The whole administration was corrupt and high posts were often auctioned. This, together with other factors, had led to an increase in the population of Europe unprecedented for several centuries: it doubled between 1715 and 1800. Inspite of this, the clergies and the nobles employed them in their fields in curve. The effects of these revolutions spread around the world, as absolute monarchies in many other countries were replaced much more peacefully with limited constitutional monarchies, republics and other democracies. As the previous discoveries and inventions were made by remarkable scientists like Galileo, the Enlightenment was the next logical step in the era. Then 4000 to 5000 people gathered and formed people's militia.
. With such great debt, the king had no other option than to try and raise taxes. Louis Philippe not only failed to bring about implementation of effective welfare measures to the working class but also tried to suppress the growing working class consciousness. Forpolitical purposes announcing that the rich would be taxed to help,would have been a smart move. For France, which with 26 million inhabitants in 1789 was the most populated country of Europe, the problem was most. Third estate didn't ha … ve equal rights and theother estates enjoyed other privileges. Universal male suffrage was proclaimed and guaranteed.
Unknown Revolutionary War Soldier Memorial Here are the things that we know. They paid no direct taxes to the royal government. The American Revolution demonstrated that it was plausible for Enlightenment ideas about how a government should be organized could actually be put into practice. Note: Livre was the currency used in France which ended in 1794. Rich nobles who objected he could have jailed; and G.
The monarchy in France had been established for many centuries, and the causes of the Revolution were deeply-rooted, including the problems with the Ancien Régime, the growth of nationalism, the influence of philosophers, and the example of the American Revolution. In the War, Charles Albert got defeated in the hands of Austria and once again the Northern States of Italy went under Austrian rule. The king and parliament revived an old law requiring colonists to house British soldiers in their homes. The Revolution led to many changes in France, which at the time of the Revolution was the most powerful state in Europe. To meet the expenses,the state was forced to increase taxes that also irked the people of France. The major three causes which resulted to French revolution were: 1- social cause - The French society was divided into three estates.