All religions are held equally in high esteem by the state and there is no state religion unlike a theocratic state or a preference for a particular religion. No state citizenship like citizen of Assam, Citizen of Delhi. The Constitution of India is written and the supreme law of the land. No state citizenship like citizen of Assam, Citizen of Delhi. The unitary and collective responsibility of the cabinet is composed of the Prime Minister, who is the keystone of the cabinet arch.
Framed By constituent assembly under chairmanship of Dr. All the provisions of the Constitution concerning Union-State relations can be amended only by the joint actions of the State Legislatures and the Union Parliament. He can select his Ministers as per his sweet will. Sovereign Democratic Republic: The preamble of the constitution declares India to be a sovereign democratic Republic it is sovereign since India has emerged as a completely Independent state. Which of the following articles cannot be null during the A Article 14 to 18 B Article 19 C Article 20,21 D Article 29,30 Ans. All three governments of the country, Central, State, and Local are expected to frame welfare policies in accordance with this part of the Constitution.
The constitution did not embody the principles for which Mahatma Gandhi stood or the ideology of the Indian National Congress. Some of its provisions can be amended in a difficult way while others can be amended very easily. Right to Property was, once, a fundamental rights but, not, is only a constitutional right. Parliamentary form of Government The constitution of India establishes a parliamentary form of a government both at the Centre and the State. These duties were added in 42nd amendment in 1976. Practice of this evil practice entails punishment for the guilty.
According to this part of the Constitution, every individual of 18 years and above have a right to vote irrespective of their age, gender, race, colour, religion, etc. A Ireland B Canada C Australia D Japan Ans. Art 21A Right to Education for the children between the ages of 6-14 years has been granted. Under the Indian Constitution every man and women above 18 years of age has been given the right to elect representatives for the legislature. The president of India, who remains in office for five years is the nominal, titular or constitutional head.
It must also be noted that the power to initiate bills for amendment lies in Parliament alone, and not in the state legislatures. It is to be noted that these fundamental rights are not absolute and are subject to certain limitations that are expressly mentioned in the constitution itself. Each member signed two copies of the constitution, one in Hindi and the other in English. Salient Features of the Indian Constitution 1. Each state also has a Governor appointed by the President on the recommendations of the Prime Minister. Marri Channa Reddy Human Resource Development Institute Institute of Administration , Hyderabad. But in India there is only one citizenship, i.
India also possess an elaborate written constitution which was enacted by a constituent assembly specifically set up for the purpose. In addition to Article 13, Articles 32, 226 and 227 provide the constitutional basis for judicial review. However by providing a very strong centre, a common constitution, single citizenship, emergency provisions, common constitution, single citizenship, emergency provisions, common election commission, common all India services etc. The constituent assembly had borrowed various provisions from several other constitutions of the world which made it very detailed. The Indian Federal structure acquires a unitary character during emergency when the normal distribution of powers between the state and centre undergoes vital changes. The ruling was overturned with the ratification of the 24th Amendment in 1971. The 389-member assembly reduced to 299 after the took almost three years to draft the constitution holding eleven sessions over a 165-day period.
The Rajya Sabha is the upper and, indirectly elected second House of Parliament. The extent of land ownership and practice of a profession, in this case, were considered fundamental rights. A Right to Equality: Article 14-18 B Rights against exploitation: Article 20-22 C Right to Religious Freedom: Article 25-28 D Right to Cultural and Education freedom: Article 29-30 Ans. At 14 August 1947 meeting of the assembly, committees were proposed. These provisions reveal the centralising tendency of our federation.
Any law or executive action depriving an individual citizen of his freedom, for example, can be challenged in the Supreme Court or High Court. All religions enjoy equal status. House present and voting which again must be a majority of the total membership of the House. The Prime Minister is usually the leader of the political party that has the greatest number of seats in the Parliament. These include the right to equality, the right to freedom, the right to freedom of religion, the right against exploitation, cultural and educational rights of the people and the right to seek the protection of courts for the security of their rights.
Directive principles of state policy: This feature has been taken from the Irish constitution. Constitution and judiciary The judiciary is the final arbiter of the constitution. It is collectively responsible to the House of People Lok Sabha , and has to resign as soon as it loses the confidence of that house. A flexible approach is taken for some some constitutional provisions and these can be amended by simple majority. State of Kerala and Anr.