Johan was ordered to see that unless Sweden got a good deal then the war should continue, but Christina sent along her own delegate to ensure that peace was secured at any cost. Her taste for male attire was attacked as a sign of lesbianism. She makes clear that she will not accept the king's proposal, and Christina and Antonio patch up their differences. Ebba was very beautiful, and Christina became infatuated with her. In 1646 Christina's good friend, ambassador , met and corresponded with the philosopher , asking him for a copy of his. Christina seemed a likely candidate for monarch, and the two of them signed an accord at Compiegne which drew up a timetable for the achievement of this plan. Love is so powerful that it defines the personality of the one who loves.
She suffered with , complained about bad eyesight and pain in her neck. Christina had several conversations with Macedo and told him that she would welcome the chance to discuss Catholicism with more members of his order. The plot failed and Christina's reputation suffered because she ordered the execution of the man who betrayed her, although she was not charged with any crime. I usually read about monarchs whose fates I already know--it felt very weird not to know what would happen. . A number of her contemporaries made reference to the differing height of her shoulders. But once she was queen in fact as well as in name, Christina was in no hurry to tie the knot.
It is a picture that must not be missed, because Garbo is at her best in some of its scenes. The most common story in the city became that Monaldeschi had been her lover, and that she had killed him when he complained of her unfaithfulness. In 1650, Sweden's representative assembly, the Diet, met at a time of widespread hunger following a poor harvest and protested against the power and privileges of the aristocracy, the price of food, and the costs of a foreign policy from which ordinary Swedes gained nothing. In such ways the balance of her collection shifted to Italian art. I do not doubt that Christine was less than kind to other unconventional females but it appears the author has found herself in a similar critical role.
Her abdication also appears to have been linked with her secret conversion to. The war had pitted the Protestant nations against the Catholic ones, and Gustavus had been an important and popular leader on the Protestant side. Christina's fourth and last entry in Rome took place on 22 November 1668. The young queen inherited an empire which included Finland, Estonia, and parts of Norway, Germany, and Russia. Like Queen Elizabeth I of England a generation earlier, she realized that the promise of her hand in marriage was a more potent instrument than marriage itself. I sometimes read biography as an introduc It's a lie that all biographers and in love with their subject, and I get the feeling that Buckley doesn't actually like Christina very much.
The many female correspondents include Anna Maria Van Schurman and Madeleine de Scudéry. Her plan to convert was not the only reason for her abdication, as there was increasing discontent with her arbitrary and wasteful ways. I was intrigued that she seemed to be either a transgender or intersexual person and she was raised learning the princely arts but she was a terrible administrator and an irresponsible spender. The Pope forbade women performers, but Christina gleefully ignored his rules. In other passages, however, Kristina insists that one type of work should be closed to women: that of political governance.
She had a firm grasp of and philosophy. The terms of the treaty at Ostenbruck five years earlier had been that the religion of the ruler would determine the religion of the country, and the Catholic Church had responded by targeting rulers and heirs for conversion. She also criticizes his misogynistic interpretation of how women deal with the passions. Were all things as they should be, that is where the story of Queen Christina would end. She cast her eye around the Mediterranean, and soon spotted an opening for which she was uniquely qualified — that of Queen. In 1645 he sent his son, , to the , presenting the view that it would be in Sweden's best interest if the Thirty Years' War continued.
I therefore sought out more information about this fascinating Queen of Sweden and came across this book. In a fury of disappointment and rage, Christina retaliated against Monaldesco, whose mail she had intercepted, by having his throat cut in her presence at Fontainbleau Palace, despite his agonized pleas for mercy. Theodor Ebert claimed that Descartes did not meet his end by being exposed to the harsh Swedish winter climate, as philosophers have been fond of repeating, but by. She was even responsible for the death of René Descartes, who, dreading the Nordic cold, nonetheless finally agreed to visit Sweden and, after wasting several months hanging around at court, succumbed to the flu. In the more egalitarian maxims Kristina insists that the biological difference between men and women neither indicates any intellectual difference nor dictates any particular social role for either sex. For a time it seemed there was nothing this extraordinary woman might fear attempting, until a bloody tragedy of her own making foreshadowed her downfall.
It was an audacious plan, and frankly almost certainly unworkable. What passed between the two women is unknown, but following the meeting Christina used her influence to ensure that Ninon was released. Soon it became clear they did not like each other; she disapproved of his mechanical view, and he did not appreciate her interest in. Queen Christina misses fire, somehow, and that is disappointing. She was the centre of attention at the Papal court for the next few months, and afterwards she held regular salons in the palace she was lodged in.