It is assumed that some libido is permanently invested in each psychosexual stage and thus each person will behave in some ways that are characteristic of infancy, or early childhood. While experts continue to debate the relative contributions of early versus later experiences, developmental experts recognize that the events of early life play a critical role in developmental process and can have lasting effects throughout life. The erogenous zone in this stage is the genitals. Therefore, the satisfactory parental handling and resolution of the Electra complex are most important in developing the infantile , because, by identifying with a parent, the girl internalizes ; thereby, she chooses to comply with societal rules, rather than being reflexively compelled to comply, for fear of punishment. In forming a discrete sexual identity , a girl's decisive psychosexual experience is the Electra complex—daughter—mother competition for possession of the father. For example, a person who is fixated at the oral stage may be over-dependent on others and may seek oral stimulation through smoking, drinking, or eating. Our personality is the result of our efforts to balance these two competing forces.
He called them the id, ego, and superego. This leads to the development of penis envy and the wish to be a boy. Anal Stage After passing through the oral stage, children enter what Freud termed the anal stage 1—3 years. People in this stage have mature sexual interests, which for Freud meant a strong desire for the opposite sex. Sucking is the primary source of pleasure for a newborn.
Within this theory the ability of a person to resolve internal conflicts at specific stages of their development determines future coping and functioning ability as a fully-mature adult. Freud's own viewpoints on homosexuality varied, at times expressing biological explanations and at other times social or psychological explanations for sexual preferences. Upon discovering this, he pokes his eyes out and becomes blind. For each stage, there can be two extremes in psychological reaction - either doing too much or not enough of what is ideal. In the course of her psychosexual development, the is the girl's ; a boy's analogous experience is the. If the superego becomes to strong, the person would be driven by rigid morals, would be judgmental and unbending in his or her interactions with the world. By identifying with his father, the boy develops masculine characteristics and identifies himself as a male, and represses his sexual feelings toward his mother.
Freud believed that as development occurs the baby begins to focus on first one object then another. The research that has been conducted tends to discredit Freud's theory. Genital stage: post puberty Physical focus: genitals Psychological theme: maturity and creation and enhancement of life. If they are highly successful in winning the battle resolving the conflict , then most of the troops libido will be able to move on to the next battle stage. The dissolution of the Oedipus complex.
During this period the child, whether boy or girl, conceives, according to Freud, of but one genital organ, the male one, and the antithesis between the sexes is experienced by him or her as one between phallic and castrated. The young person redirects these urges to other, more socially acceptable partners who often resemble the other-sex parent. Adult character: anally retentive rigid, overly organised, subservient to authority vs. This is the time when the child becomes aware of the anatomical difference between the sexes, that is to say, of the presence or absence of a penis 1923e. This Oedipal is the generic i.
When a girl's initial sexual attachment to her mother ends upon discovering that she has no , she then transfers her sexual attachment to her father and increases sexual competition with her mother. Freud's Psychosexual Stages of Development: Oral, Anal, Phallic, Latency, Genital Last updated: 28 Jul 2004 A newborn baby, according to Freud, is bubbling with energy libido; psychic energy. According to Freud, a person who has a strong ego, which can balance the demands of the id and the superego, has a healthy personality. In this stage, children experience pleasure in their bowel and bladder movements, so it makes sense that the conflict in this stage is over toilet training. This has led them to treat the phallic phase as nothing more than a secondary formation with a defensive function only. When the id wants something, nothing else is important.
If certain issues are not resolved at the appropriate stage, can occur. Freud believed that during this stage boy develop unconscious sexual desires for their mother. Dora: Fragment of an Analysis of a Case of Hysteria. Anal Stage: 18 months - 3. This energy is still present, but it is sublimated into other areas such as intellectual pursuits and social interactions. The structure of the mind and development all revolve around how the individual attempts to deal with psychic energy. Much of the child's energy is channeled into developing new skills and acquiring new knowledge, and play becomes largely confined to other children of the same gender.
In contrast to the instinctual id and the rule-based superego, the ego is the rational part of our personality. The phallic phase, according to Freud, precedes and ushers in problems attending the oedipal complex and the castration complex. In fact, some of your adult characteristics may be the consequence of how your parents handled your toilet training. The phallic stage coincides with the culmination and decline of the complex. The nature of this first conflict with authority can determine the child's future relationship with all forms of authority.
Latency With successful resolution of the conflicts of each previous stage, children enter into a more quiet time of psychosexual development called latency. The Oedipus complex is successfully resolved when the boy begins to identify with his father as an indirect way to have the mother. Successful resolution of the stages leads to a healthy adult. Parents who utilize praise and rewards for using the toilet at the appropriate time encourage positive outcomes and help children feel capable and productive. Parents who are harsh in toilet training can cause a child to become fixated at the anal stage, leading to the development of an anal-retentive personality.