It has also been associated with poetry. The bird has ceased to be a symbol and is again the actual bird the poet heard in stanza I. The bird's happiness is conveyed in its singing. The imagined world described in the rest of the stanza is dark; what qualities are associated with this darkness, e. He wants to drink such a wine and fade into the forest with the nightingale. In choosing Poesy, is he calling on analytical or scientific reasoning, on poetry and imagination, on passion, on sensuality, or on some something else? Why does he do so? On another level, the question may relate to the poet's perception of the nightingale as a symbol of permanence.
By the third stanza, melancholy is entrenched and the rhythm is slowed through enjambment and interruptive punctuation marks—a dash, semi-colon, or comma. As befits his celebration of music, the speaker's language, sensually rich though it is, serves to suppress the sense of sight in favour of the other senses. Has the dreamer in this poem changed as a result of his visionary experience? Wolfsbane and nightshade are poisonous plants. The description of drinking and of the world associated with wine is idealized. They also process a dramatic quality for we are made aware of the presence of two voices engaged in a lyrical debate.
The first four stanzas assert the poet's identification with the bird and its song and the latter four stanzas lay emphasis upon the poet's separateness from the bird. Rather, as he hinted in the first stanza, the speaker feels so content and complete when he hears the nightingale's song that he wouldn't mind dying. Imagery is language that stimulates any of the five senses not just sight, as the word 'image' implies. The poem is Keats in the act of sharing with the reader an experience he is having rather than recalling an experience. He was straining to create images of death that would convey something of the repulsiveness of death — to give the reader a romantic shudder of the Gothic kind — and what he succeeded in doing was repulsive instead of delicately suggestive and was out of keeping with what he achieved in the rest of the poem. This image of the bubbles is concrete; in contrast, the preceding imagery in the stanza is.
The nightingale's song is vocal, but without verbal content, and can serve as a pure expressive beauty. How does Keats reconcile a state of conscious pain with that of inertness and insensibility? Does the experience which Keats describes change the dreamer? Stanzas Seven and Eight Alright. He cannot see what flowers are growing around him, but from their odor and from his knowledge of what flowers should be in bloom at the time he can guess. It is the last of the death images running through the poem. Would the effect be different if the countryside were brown or yellowed? One of the effects of this somber poetry about death, graveyards, the brevity of pleasure and of life was a pleasing feeling of melancholy.
Hearing the song of the nightingale, the speaker longs to flee the human world and join the bird. For him who is dead, it will be no more than a requiem. The creative activity arising out of his appeal to poetic imagination limits itself to a three-line ornate composition, at the end of which Keats is back on the ground again, far away from the nightingale's habitation. Lethe: a river of the lower world from which the shades drank, and thus obtained forgetfulness of the past. It cannot give more than a temporary escape from the cares of life.
He realises, however, that the ultimate form of forgetfulness, of escape from the troubles of life, would be death. She worked in the field of Bo'az to earn her living and ultimately was rewarded for her devotion and kindness to her mother-in-law. The thoughts of sickness, old age and death make him seek an alternative to wine in his search for a supporting aid towing him to the happy sojourn of the nightingale. Stanzas Three and Four Now, onto the third stanza, which builds upon the idea of 'fading away': Fade far away, dissolve, and quite forget What thou among the leaves hast never known, The weariness, the fever, and the fret Here, where men sit and hear each other groan; Where palsy shakes a few, sad, last gray hairs, Where youth grows pale, and spectre-thin, and dies; Where but to think is to be full of sorrow And leaden-eyed despairs, Where Beauty cannot keep her lustrous eyes, Or new Love pine at them beyond to-morrow. Lethe is a river in the classical underworld. Summary Keats is in a state of uncomfortable drowsiness. Do any of the sounds duplicate the bubbles breaking? What qualities does the poet ascribe to the nightingale? What senses does he rely on? He wants to escape the worries and concerns of life, age, and time.
The bird is present only in the first section and it is absent in the rest of the poem. Wanting to escape from the pain of a joy-pain reality, the poet begins to move into a world of imagination or fantasy. One thought suggests another and, in this way, the poem proceeds to a somewhat arbitrary conclusion. As the first stanza unfolds, the speaker compares his mental state to being intoxicated or even poisoned, as suggested by 'hemlock' , even going so far as to allude, to make reference to, the river Lethe. Each of them is loaded with meanings. Do any of the sounds duplicate the bubbles breaking? The speaker admits that his vision is failing him either due to his altered mental state or simply because it's dark , but this only makes his sense of smell stronger.
Keats longs for a draught of wine which would take him out of himself and allow him to join his existence with that of the bird. The imagination is not the all-powerful function Keats, at times, thought it was. He states that he will not be taken there by Bacchus and his pards Bacchanalia, revelry and chaos but by poetry and art. In the last two lines, the poet no longer identifies with the bird. Keats is seen struggling against the inevitable impermanence of human beauty, youth and happiness. The poet turns to poetic fancy to bridge the division between him and the bird.