Personnel management was mainly concerned with the administrative tasks that did with organising an organisation, such as record keeping and dealing with employee wages, salaries and. These activities are important for the material and growth of employees. Retaining competent individuals is also important to an organization. The motive is to earn profits as well as benefits for the organisation and its employees. It involves the delicate function of management of human relations.
The evolution and growth ofpersonnel administration was highlighted. Job categories and grades Many Few 23. Industrial relations have now become the concern of every government irrespective of political complexion; unless the relations between capital and labour are improved or maintained at the desirable level, no industrial concern can expect to improve production and productivity. The personnel officer, in charge of personnel management used to look after labour relations such as problems with or difficulties between employers those who employ workers and their employees. Thus, personnel management is an approach an approach to deal with human beings in organisation , a point of view regarding the personnel policies and wage administration , and a technique of thinking as to how to motivate employees towards higher productivity and a philosophy of management of getting things done through people effectively and efficiently. A training programme is devised for this purpose.
In 1948, the Factories Act ~ u l e s laid down the appointment, duties and qualificarions of a new statutory officer in industry called the Welfare Officer. These functions art usually performed by the Personnel Department in consultation with the officials of other departments. Take forexample, the Government of India, it is divided into ministries, departments,divisions, units etc. Agencies can discuss factors that prevent or limit internal development and related reasons candidates give for declining job offers. Difference in Nature Another dimension of the difference is the proactive nature of human resource management compared to the reactive nature of personnel management. Finally, in any discussion of personnel management vs human resource management, we must include that personnel management lays down rigid job description with many grades and a fixed promotion policy—usually based on seniority and performance appraisal ratings.
Personnel development is thus aimed at. It can also help society by using productive resources in a best possible way and minimizing their waste. It is the administrative discipline of hiring and developing employees so that they become more valuable to the organization. Human capital can be defined a s the sum total of knowledge, skills andaptitudes of the people in the society. They act as strong motivators and satisfiers. In context to human resources, it manages both individual as well as blue- collar workers. Adequate utilisation of humanresources would automatically lead t o optimum utilisation of financial, physical and : :technological resources.
Personnel management is based on certain well-defined principles which have been evolved after a great deal of research and experimentation. In simple terms, it may be understood as a process of collecting information such as operation and responsibilities of a specific job. It should take into account variations in the capabilities, interests and attitudes of employees. Informal organisation grows within the formal organisation. Check Your Progress 2 1 Your answer should include the following points: Royal Commission on Labour, recommended the appointment of Labour Officers in 1931 the industrial disputes of 1920s forced the government and businessmen to think in terms of promotion of personnel administration recognition of Trade Unions in India appointment of Labour Officers with the Jute Mills the Tripartite Labour Conference in 1941 gave a boost to establishment cf cordial labour relatiom the Factories Act of 1948laid down the appointment, duties and qualifications of Welfare Officer in industries emergence of Personnel Officer in various organisations. They are responsible for controlling,regulating, directing and commanding the administration and come frequently indirect contact with people.
Every organisation has to keep its personnel satisfied. It should be responsive to prevailing trends in industry and society. The functions of personnel administration are becoming more complicated day by day. Personnel management advocates the ways to get best possible results by managing the scarcely available human resources effectively and efficiently. The achievement of these two objectives becomes easier if the organ~sationprovidesappropriate opportunities for individual development.
As a matter of fact, automation and mechanization have increased the importance of men in two ways — the costly and sophisticated machines must be efficiently run and this has enhanced the status of men, particularly the skilled workers. This develops the industrial piece. It can serve the society by creating more employment opportunities, producing quality goods at cheap rates. Human resource management, on the other hand, has relatively fewer grades and ranks, with broadly defined job responsibilities providing much scope for applying creativity and initiative, and plenty of career paths, with skills, talent and commitment the key drivers of career advancement. According to Flippo, personnel function is concerned with the procurement, development, compensation, integration and maintenance of the personnel of an organisation for the purpose of contributing toward the accomplishment of that organisations major goals and objectives. The following years saw the emergence of yet another officer called the Personnel Officer. Line agencies cannot function withotit the help of staff agencies.
Thc ;rim is to csti~blishcortii:il rcl;~tions among the emp~oyFes and do away with frictional sitbations arising out of personal jealousies, rivalries and prejudices. In addition to the three primary departments, personnel and research department are new additions. A higher number from schedule castes, tribes and other economically backward classes are joining the government service. It is not a complex of matter but a complex of humanity. When using the direct-hire authority, agencies must adhere to the public notice requirements in 5 U. Job Design To qualify to be a pet store manager, the incumbent is responsible for daily operations which includes but not limited to ensuring the daily financial goals is met.
He represents company in training programmes. Personnel managers are often involved with employees in jobs where regular vaccinations are required, such as in health-related jobs. The increasing complexity of business. They should work collectively with collective responsibility and should have a sense of cooperation, unity and mutual trust. It is concerned with employees at work and with their relationship within the organization.