Pressure groups with the support of the media, and the wider public, have more chance of pressurising the government, or the decision making body, to follow the pressure groups advice. Interest groups offer a various knowledge on particular subject matters. The election of the Labour government in May 1997 was seen by many as opening up the political system to greater influence by pressure groups. The funds which the pressure group has available are also important in the success of pressure groups. Marches and demonstrations organised by the in 1990 were said to have contributed to 's resignation as in November that year, and led to the subsequent replacement of the 1989 poll tax with in 1993.
Over the next few centuries printing techniques advanced rapidly, especially through the use of steam power. In this sense, they have no other function apart from their role as pressure groups. On the other hand there are also some weaknesses with this type of teaching method. Public opinion Many pressure groups, especially cause groups which do not have insider status, have to resort to other methods of influencing the decision making process. While doing so they forget national interests or the cause of national integration.
A pressure groupwill try to influence the public opinion so that if they have moresupport from the general public the government will … listen to whatthe majority want. Thus, contacts should be developed with the party and not with any individual legislator. In general, governments will be more receptive to pressure on policies which they favour, and from groups which share their basic values. It can lead to more harm than good. Outsider groups hoping for a change in political climate often work closely with the opposition in Parliament and, generally, their strategy is to abide by the 'rules of the game'. For some groups, success may just be ensuring that rival groups do not achieve some of their objectives. Increased importance of Europe With the creation of the Single European Market in 1992 and the steps towards integration taken with the Maastricht treaty, the most important decisions in many key areas of policy are now taken in Brussels.
One of the most important factors affecting the success of a pressure group is what constitutes success? They cannot expect to be consulted during the policy-making process, nor can they expect to gain access to ministers and civil servants. It is a pressure technique in which organised violence can take place and, as such is a dreaded means of instant pressure. In fact, each party has interest groups within its structure and each pressure group is favourably inclined towards one or another party or parties. This is the old fashioned way to measure blood pressure which prescious few nurses these days seem capable of. Students could watch the clip to explain what is meant by the term 'direct action', and why some groups believe this is an appropriate method to influence decision-makers. It can be termed as electioneering. These eventually led to a reduction in fuel tax, due to the pressure placed upon the government.
In a weak political system pressure groups try to become equal partner with political bosses. These groups whose aims are local and limited in scale may be able to achieve their goals without ever needing to engage with government at Westminster. The lobbyist mostly would consider influencing the Legislature on policy making or amending law of the state. The courts Increasingly, pressure groups have sought to use the courts as a means of challenging the decisions of the executive. The trade unions found this between 1979 and 1997.
They always try to maintain good public relations with the press. They are more likely to be protest groups, which use campaigning methods to influence public opinion and to draw attention to their arguments. . Their main aim is to influence the decisions of those who have political power, but not to seek it for themselves. The first pressure abolition society 1787 to appose slave trade.
Public opinion Many pressure groups, especially cause groups which do not have insider status, have to resort to other methods of influencing the decision making process. Pressure groups unlike political parties do not seek to form the ; instead they attempt to influence those who are in government by putting them under. Direct action Direct action may be taken, both as a means to make something happen or more usually not happen and to draw the issue to the attention of the public. The constitution gives the power for the Senate to ratify presidential treaties. Thus, on the whole, in India so far the impact of pressure groups on politics has not been felt and is also not going to be much deep rooted unless things radically change to their advantage. Depends on cause eg legal action best course of action for Liberty over human rights. Also in 2003 the Pro-life Alliance won a court case over Ministry of Health not releasing abortion figures.
Certain outsider pressure groups may choose to opperate illegally and so can undermine and attack the government, and so attack the political and democratic authority which the government posseses. This can be by influencing public opinion with the intention that, in time, this will in turn influence opinion formers and decision makers. The contacts may be formal - involving official discussions with ministers and detailed negotiation with civil servants - or more informal, involving an exchange of views and opinions. These groups influence both public policy as well as administration and go a long way in determining political structure of the society and the form of government. Civil disobedience Civil disobedience is often used by pressure groups to get whatever they want.
Those, which might one day gain insider status, but have not yet established good working relationships with those in government, are referred to as potential insiders. It can be argued that pressure groups are undemocratic, and bad for democracy, in many ways. It means the process of bringing or contesting legal actions in court. It is bad enough when we use Environmental groups to decide how to drill for oil. And some interests in society are not represented by any pressure groups whatsoever for example, the unemployed or the homeless. However, when a party is in opposition, it will be more accepting towards a variety of ideas in order to broaden its support and formulate new policies.