Were the results effectively interpreted and reported? The literature review should describe, summarize, evaluate, and clarify the literature. Conducting a Literature Review Evaluating the credibility of sources is one of the most difficult aspects of a literature review, especially with the ease of finding information on the internet. What other sections you include in the body is up to you but include only what is necessary for the reader to locate your study within the larger scholarship framework. Your analysis can make generalizations across a majority of studies, but should also note inconsistencies across studies and over time. Be sure your evidence lines up with the support and your arrangement of sources flows logically.
Historical Review Few things rest in isolation from historical precedent. Problem formulation -- which topic or field is being examined and what are its component issues? Should I summarize, synthesize, or critique sources by discussing a common theme or issue? If the review is a stand-alone assignment for a course, it should suggest any practical applications of the research as well as the implications and possibilities for future research. Use Quotes Sparingly Some short quotes are okay if you want to emphasize a point, or if what an author stated cannot be easily paraphrased. Systematic Approaches to a Successful Literature Review. Nine Steps To Writing A Literature Review 1.
Combine paragraphs if necessary 4. How will your research resolve the difference? Usually if you take three or more words directly from another source, you should put those words within quotation marks, and cite the page. You might just want to repeat the experience to check if you get similar results. How do they want your name, headings, and subheadings? A smaller number of quality sources is far preferable than a long but irrelevant list. All in all, writing a literature review requires strong knowledge about a particular field of study, so one can recognize valuable and an up-to-date studies.
They will help you understand what the final product should ideally look like. This should be followed by the overview or the outline, which includes the scope of work in this case, it is the scope of review. Before you can write a literature review, you must immerse yourself in a significant body of research. This is the most common form of review in the social sciences. The importance of a literature review A literature review has an important role in the structure of a. University of North Carolina; Onwuegbuzie, Anthony J.
What if the assumed theories are wrong? Step-by-step guide These guidelines are adapted primarily from Galvan 2006. For more helpful information — right now! On the other hand, a review in a thesis, dissertation, or journal article presenting original research usually leads to the research questions that will be addressed. You can use any interesting quotes that you might find useful to your thesis. It is a summary and synopsis of a particular area of research, allowing anybody reading the paper to establish why you are pursuing this particular research. It documents the state of the art with respect to the subject or topic you are writing about.
Many professors ask students to write literature reviews on a specific subject, which is why it is important to have a clear overview on this aspect. Methodological A methodological approach focuses on the methods utilized by the researcher. However, unlike , which establish new arguments and make original contributions, literature reviews organize and present existing research. Conducting a good literature review takes patience and is a matter of practice. Writing integrative literature reviews: Guidelines and examples. As well as helping you to write a good literature review, fully understanding the need for such work is what allows you to know you're on-track, why what you're doing is worthwhile, and that you do have a contribution to make.
For example, look at the following two passages and note that Student A is merely describing the literature and Student B takes a more analytical and evaluative approach, by comparing and contrasting. In order to understand literature reviews, it's best to first understand what they are not. As you take notes, record which specific aspects of the article you are reading are relevant to your topic as you read you will come up with key descriptors that you can record in your notes that will help you organize your findings when you come to write up your review. How do they want your works cited page? May 2014 A literature review or narrative review is a type of. This step requires you to synthesize and make sense of what you read, since these patterns and trends may not be spelled out in the literature, but rather become apparent to you as you review the big picture that has emerged over time.
So make sure you start reading every book and article you need with a considerable advance. However, particularly in the social sciences, thinking about research problems from multiple vectors is a key strategy for finding new solutions to a problem or gaining a new perspective. Example 1 Example 2 Literary analysis is a challenging essay to write. Well, your readers should find this chapter informative and targeted, there is no doubt about it. It focuses on a specific topic of interest to you and includes a critical analysis of the relationship among different works, and relating this research to your work. This can then be exported into a Microsoft Word document. Your thesis statement will not necessarily argue for a position or an opinion; rather, it will argue for a particular perspective on the material.
In the sections from Step 6-9 what I have included is the outline of those steps exactly as described by Galvan. The reputation of the University or organization is a factor, as is the experience of the researcher. This is one of the most common problems with student literature reviews. A literature review is not just a summary. Writing literature reviews: a guide for students of the behavioral sciences 3rd ed. Write the Body of the Paper Follow the plan you have developed above, making certain that each section links logically to the one before and after, and that you have divided your sections by themes or subtopics, not by reporting the work of individual theorists or researchers.
This is why it is still good practice to begin research in an academic library. I hope this was useful. Think of these books as your group of friends all arguing on the same topic. First, literature reviews are not bibliographies. The purpose is to develop a body of literature that establishes a contrarian viewpoint. Stop being intimadated by what is actually an easy assignment by learning what a literature review really is and how to do one quickly and easily. From that point, we finish off with a breadcrumb trail.