In case of elastic demand tariff policy cannot produce desirable results. If related goods having negative cross elasticity complementary goods , they belong to different industries. If a company's product has a high elasticity of demand, the more the price goes up, the fewer consumers will buy. This situation is typical for goods that have their value defined by law such as fiat currency ; if a five-dollar bill were sold for anything more than five dollars, nobody would buy it, so demand is zero. It is necessary for a firm to know how quickly, and effectively, it can respond to changing market conditions, especially to price changes. There must be elastic demand for imports and exports.
Under these circumstances the demand both for its exports and imports turns out to be inelastic. Oxford Review of Economic Policy. In general, for items having inelastic demand, the producer will fix a higher price and items whose demand is elastic the businessman will fix a lower price. Change over Time: market doesn't always change quickly. When there is an elastic demand prices prices are fixed at low level. To overcome this situation, the Government has to be prepared to procure the excess supply of the commodity from the farmers at certain minimum price.
A suitable price policy for public utility enterprises is to charge from consumers according to their elasticity of demand for public utility. In some situations, profit-maximizing prices are not an optimal strategy. For those types of products or services, the demand curve would be considered to be abnormal. That may be using public transport or a bicycle instead of cars, telecommuting or teleconferencing instead of travelling. The cost of production of these goods is also joint. This is particularly important when you are introducing new products or services to the market; and, when you are changing price that is, increasing or decreasing price.
Many business owners actually end up selling their products at a loss without even knowing it. Thus, the negative value of cross elasticity of demand indicates that the products are from different industries. As a result of increased demand the production will also increase and more workers will be employed. Moreover, it is also useful for the planning. But when demand for such commodities is more elastic, then fall in prices will generate more increase in its demand. If the related goods having positive cross elasticity substitute goods , they belong to one industry.
Long- term production planning and management depend more on the income elasticity because management can know the effect of changing income levels on the demand for his product. If necessaries, which have less elastic demand are taxed the burden will fall more on the poor sections of society. For example, Company X's fish and chips would tend to have a relatively high elasticity of demand if a significant number of substitutes are available, whereas food in general would have an extremely low elasticity of demand because no substitutes exist. Demand is inelastic at every quantity where marginal revenue is negative. It is the nature of demand which is helpful in determining the amount of gain being enjoyed by different countries. The relationship between rising price and falling demand is the price elasticity of demand. Lowering price level maximizes the sales.
Microeconomics in Context 2nd ed. If a demand increases, the price to park in the lot may rise, but no more spaces will become available. But suppose a petrol station hikes its prices too much: people may feel they can't afford to live there any more and move; or another petrol station may open; or a community bus service may be started; and the vendor may suffer in the long term. As a result, their total income goes down. Joint Products: The concept of elasticity of demand plays an important role in determining the price of joint products. Goods which are elastic, tend to have some or all of the following characteristics.
Breadth of definition of a good The broader the definition of a good or service , the lower the elasticity. So, how does it affect companies? Keynes considered price elasticity of demand to be the most important contribution of Marshall. And thus, they must increase price of their commodity to that level where their desired or optimal profit is still achievable. The knowledge of income elasticity is essential for demand forecasting of producible goods in future. Hence, when the price is raised, the total revenue falls, and vice versa.
Demand elasticity measures a for a good when another economic factor changes. Otherwise, the policy of devaluation will fail. On the other hand if the demand is elastic than the burden of tax will be more on the producer. It implies that price elasticity is infinity in this case. Using Knowledge of Elasticity 1.