The value of any currency in an economy is hard to bet, to be stable for a long period of time as there are number of factor influencing its appreciation and the depreciation. For this reason they start reducing the number of children per household example of such countries to day Nigeria and Ghana. When we confine ourselves to what is knowable, we find both trends and fluctuations. Similarly, some social changes spread rapidly and also disappear rapidly. The most primitive tribes have been those who were the most isolated like the polar Eskimos or the Aranda of Central Australia. This theory is rooted in the idea of progression. Negative Effects: a The growth of population has decreased the standard of living of the people in the society.
The analysis is particularly important for two reasons. Developments in the field of transportation and communication reduced the social distance which gave momentum to cultural diffusion and thereby to social change. Deforestation brings land erosion and reduces rainfall. It is the culture that decides the purpose to which a technical invention must be put. The decline of both the birth rate and the death rate bring social transformation.
Attitudes and Values: To people in developed nations and societies change is normal. And it works both ways. For instance, Islam, Buddhism, Communism and Confucianism etc. The interesting feature about any type of social change is that while the process is in operation, changes are not felt as clearly as when it is viewed upon as a past event. As McIver and Page point out, social change is better understood when it is looked upon as a changing process continually in action, and not merely as one isolated phenomenon of change compartmentally measuring the difference between one structure and another finally and completely. These are demographic factors and technological factors both of which are of crucial significance in terms of their bearing on social change in the contemporary world.
The cultural life of man, including his intellectual, spiritual and aesthetic pursuits will reflect the economic order that pertains to him. Talented managers are able to sense the seeds of these sorts of conflicts and resolve them quickly before they get out of hand. The two classes are kept aloof from each other and hence two distinct cultures grow up in a society. History is a witness to many civilizations that rose and fell due to the changes in environment and the catastrophes that occurred. Hence a region with more industrialization will be more developed and vice versa. Technological and Economic Changes : Agriculture advancement, industrialization 2.
When friends of conflicting individuals begin to jump into the fray, it can sometimes lead to an office-wide feud that can be very difficult for management to handle. For example, the spread of communist political ideology in Kerala brought an end to feudalism followed by drastic changes in class structure which reflected even on family relations. Small Cultural Base: If the number of traits and complexes are small than change will not be frequent because of less number of innovation and diffusion. Social institutions have to teach the coming generations about the norms and rituals prevalent in the society otherwise they cannot thrive. Class struggles are, therefore, likely to continue until liberation from economic determinism is achieved. Social relationship is understood in terms of social process, social interactions and social organizations. According to Ogburn there are two aspects of culture.
Cultural Factor : It is an established fact that there is an intimate connection between our beliefs and social institutions, our values and social relationships. The second requirement is that the person must be teachable. And if creation and innovation are realities, every act of creation and innovation must have been achieved by some agent at some point of space-time, b Mzmesis: This means the reception and adoption of elements of culture that have been created elsewhere and have reached the recipients by a process of diffusion. That is, a base year has to be chosen and with reference to this base year one has to assess the type, nature and extent of change that may have taken place during the intervening period between the base year and the year of comparison. Population changes have occurred all through human history because of migration, war, pestilence, changing mores etc.
Immigrants carry into the country of their adoption not only themselves, but the distinct personality combined with their own customs, associations and institutions. Industrialized societies have a highly educated workforce, a highly developed business environment and increased division of labour. The size of the population is dependent upon three factors that control it—birth rate, death rate and migration immigration and emigration. For example, a change if the attitude of the people may bring about changes in the social structure. In the attempt to satisfy his wants, fulfill his needs and to make his life more comfortable man creates civilization. But the rights to marriage is considered by many to be a religious and not a civil institution. The youngest generation of workers is loyal to their career.
If the sociologist brings in his own values in determining progress, such values may lack the quality of the universal and his observations may also suffer from angular defects. A commitment from all parties to developing positive working relationships is key to creating a successful workplace. Gender and Women's Movement: equal pay, property: Today; day care, occupational segregation. It is caused by multiple factors. McIver and Page point out that cultural factor are important in social change in as much as cultural life makes a selection from the potentialities of material expression and consequently gives expression to its inherent cultural tradition in terms of valuations and styles.
They thus find it easier to climb the energy barrier to the reaction the activation energy. Technology changes society because it alters the way we interact with people and the environment. People in hazardous or menial occupation have less of chances of survival than those who are placed high. It is a concept distinct from evolution, process and development which are regarded as key concepts in the literature of social change. With these general considerations in mind, we may bring out, following Morris Ginsberg, the sort of factors to which causal agency has been attributed by competent authorities. Kingsley Davis, however, does not consider this analysis of social relations to be very perfect.