When the rat has pushed the lever many times it will learn that this behaviour, pushing the lever, is followed by the release of the food pellet, the consequence. I have also assessed the psychological perspectives based on anxiety disorder. Most care workers will be able to use a problem solving framework to help them decide which approach to use. According to psychologists Pavlov and Skinner, the best way to understand behaviour is to look at the causes of an action and its consequences. This means that the underlying issue is treated, and they can try and learn to live a healthier lifestyle. This action was negative reinforcement. The oral stage from birth-18 months is the stage in which babies explore their environment through their mouth such a sucking, biting and chewing and very much dependant on their mother.
Another example of this would be if an old woman had a fear of going out agoraphobia , and due to the fact that this fear dominates her life she gets depression. For example, if a child or a young person is not able to meet their needs within a family home, they may need to live in a foster home to fulfil their safety or basic needs. After repeating this procedure, he rang the bell on its own, the dog had an increase in salivation. The main goal for this reinforcement is for behaviour to decrease. I believe that this theory offers us an understanding on how aggressive behaviour can be learnt but not how it can be avoided. Because of this, the understanding of how a child learns through observation and how an adult learns through observation are not differentiated, and factors of development are not included. The unit encourages reflection, and will be valuable to those learners intending to work with people in a caring capacity.
The negative reinforcement here is that Mary has learned that to prevent burning her hands all she has to do is put on the oven gloves. An example of this can include when a healthcare professional is trying to communicate with a patient that suffers from extreme anorexia. Then I will compare two psychological approaches to health and social care provisions. Also, being nomothetic which means relating to the study of general scientific laws, the biological approach develops theories about disorders and seeks to find something that applies to everyone. This approach places the client at the centre of the entire therapeutic process.
It is unethical and goes against the basic principles of the humanistic approach and therefore professionals must ensure that they implicate these factors into their practice in order satisfy the needs of individuals using the service. In health and social care setting doctors and surgeons are the bourgeoisie who exploit the proletariat who are patients. The behaviourist theory also helps in recognising any changes in behaviour which can then be easily monitored and observed. Huntington disease, cystic fibrosis and sickle cell anaemia are all passed on from parents to child. In psychology their six different psychological approaches, which are; behaviourist perspectives, social learning theory, humanistic perspective, cognitive perspective, psychodynamic perspective and biological perspective. But in some cases, genes can be a factor to our behaviour.
This approach also introduces the use of defence mechanisms which also help individuals to overcome situations by allowing them to block out events that. Psychologists observe and record how humans and animals relate to one another and to the environment. Classical conditioning involves the learning of association of an unconditional stimulus which brings about an unconditional response with a neutral stimulus to emerge with the same unconditional response. Psychodynamic Behaviourist Cognitive Biological Humanistic Social learning Psychodynamic The main contributors of the psychodynamic approach are Sigmund Freud and Erik Erikson. Psychology is a science, and behaviour is a studied in an objective measurable way Although cognitive psychologist focuses on internal mental processes they still believe that a scientific approach should be used to study human behaviour.
Humanistic psychologists look at human behaviour not only through the eyes of the observer, but through the eyes of the person doing the behaving. For example, if a student constantly expresses a specific type of behaviour it is because of their individual perception of reality and not influences that occur within the environment. However there have been a few problems resulting from punishment for instance that punishment only tells you what not to do so there is not any guide towards a desired behaviour which reinforcement can do. This is used for patients who suffer with eating disorders, phobias, or memory problems. All thoughts, feelings and behaviours ultimately have a biological course according to the biological perspective. There are several forms of care which include health care, appearance care, education care and cleanliness care. These changes can help you to feel better.
The anal stage is where the child from 18 months-3 years old has the ability to feel a sense of control over their environment as the mother tries to toilet train them as they are able to control a part of their environment not being so dependent on their mother. In response to being exposed to the negative behaviour being performed on the doll, the children imitated what they had seen and took to aggressively hitting the doll also. Pavlov claimed that dogs demonstrated classic conditioning. Health practice is the act of a care professional that performs activities, methods and treatments in order to keep an individual health whether it is to do with diet, exercise, or bad habits such as smoking and excessive drinking. Social psychologists would suggest that it is difficult to explain what individuals do without reference to their relationships with others, and many psychologists would suggest that culture, particularly in the forms of social learning and language, has a critical impact on thinking and behaviour that the biological approach tends to neglect.
What approach will I use with this service user? This could be planning person centred support to empower the individual to manage their own lives. All of our mental processes work together within a split second to allow us to respond to the world around us. As the rat would like to have more food the pellet is experienced as reinforcing and this increases the chance of the behaviour being repeated. Abehaviourist theory based on the fundamental idea that behaviours that are reinforced will tend to continue, while behaviours that are punished will eventually end. A care practitioner may choose from the theories to help their client. They both look at the structure and features of how behaviour occurs however the psychodynamic also looks at the how your unconscious mind creates an affect to your behaviour and also how things that have happened in the pass affect your behaviour. In this criterion, the different psychological approaches to health practice and social care practice have been outlined and explained.
In my writing I will discuss psychological approaches to health practice. Different theorists and therapists work alongside each other to treat psychological problems. This approach is aimed at those who have had troubled past and suffer from anxiety, attachment anxiety and bad dreams. People who are capable of self-actualising are more likely to have received unconditional positive regards from others, especially our throughout our childhood because that can shape our future. Explain different psychological approaches to health practice.