For others, fundamental differences among people from different backgrounds can be difficult to accept. People at adaptation can enact their intercultural sensitivity as intercultural communication competence. Because they assume that all cultures are fundamentally similar, people in this stage fail to tailor their approaches to a cultural context. Here Bennett distinguishes between sympathy and empathy. New York: University Press of America.
Integration - a new way of being. Over the period when I was living and working in India, I was able to move from being in denial about profound cultural differences or minimizing their significance, to being able to accept and adapt to the cultural gaps I had with my Indian colleagues, thus being able to better communicate and work with them for maximum effectiveness. People at this position are more openly threatened by cultural difference and more likely to be acting aggressively against it. Dominant group members who, despite Northern European origins, affiliate strongly with ethnic minority groups The surest indicator of cultural insensitivity, according to the author, is: a. He also outlines the societal problems experienced on the Spokane Indian Reservation and the struggle between the individual Native American modern lifestyle and the Native American historic culture.
Difference is a fact of life. Regardless of your initial attitude towards cultural differences, it is important to develop genuine intercultural sensitivity in order to be an effective volunteer. Adaptation Adaptation to cultural difference indicates the experience of generating appropriate alternative behavior in a different cultural context. Lewis 1983 documents that even after the geographical puzzle was fixed, a cultural puzzle continued. Acceptance does not mean agreement - cultural difference may be judged negatively - but the judgment is not ethnocentric. May not be the primary support when church and community resources are available In working with diverse clients, practitioners should be aware of issues related to self-esteem, identity formation, isolation, and role assumption.
Toula family is definitely big, loud and love to dance. Most of the time, this is a result of physical or social isolation, where the person's views are never challenged and are at the center of their reality. What does it mean to be a modern Native American? Unlike people in the denial stage, those in the defense stage believe in cultural difference and have accepted the reality of it, but they are deeply threatened by it and believe that other cultures are decidedly inferior. Developmental Strategies Participants moving out of acceptance are eager to apply their knowledge of cultural difference to actual face-to-face communication. Of these three conditions, the first lends itself most directly to a comparison between liberal arts education outcomes and the outcome of increased intercultural sensitivity. Whenever you hear someone making fun of the way a foreigner speaks English, just remember that it's the foreigner, not the person laughing at him, who actually can speak a foreign language. Among all ethnocentric stages, allows for greatest development of cultural difference.
Perpetuating social biases and paternalism c. It is more likely to emotionally impact the provider b. Discomfort with the environment The term white ethnics refers to: a. Failure to allow the next stage, minimisation, by skipping ahead, may result in strengthening the defence stage and rejection of further development. America is a densely populated and ethnically diverse country, so it is essential to equip yourself with the cultural, social and human knowledge of your country.
The perspective that behavior is assessed in relation to one's own cultural standards c. Bennett writes: The contrast in the ways of experiencing difference is illustrated in the reports of two study-abroad students who had just returned from a homestay in France. Seeking advice from minority communities c. Cultures are not only different, but that such difference must always be understood totally within the context of the relevant culture. Interpret and evaluate from more than one cultural perspective. Advocacy and research related to multiculturalism in the healthcare system Which of the following does not describe the differences experienced in working with culturally diverse clients? Instead, we are able to draw equally on whatever frameworks we have become fluent in through our experiences. Physical Universalism Human beings in all cultures have physical characteristics in common which dictate behaviour which is understandable to any other human being.
To build support groups for students struggling with race related content b. Watch the next lesson: Missed the previous lesson? If culture is a process — something that we all engage in — then we can hope to continue learning and developing. The belief that all members of a particular group share all characteristics Why is it important to personalize conversations about culture and race any learning environment? Transcendent Universalism Suggests that all human beings are products of some single transcendent principle, law, or imperative example is any religion. They not only accept cultural differences, but are are willing and able to adjust their own behavior to conform to different norms. The psychologies of family, ethnicity, race, and power d.
The process must continually be adapted d. It ensures confidentiality rules will be respected According to Bennett, ethnorelativism is: a. Each of us at any given moment can find ourselves in any of the stages. By identifying the underlying experience of cultural difference, predictions about behavior and attitudes can be made and education can be tailored to facilitate development along the continuum. Represents a development beyond defence because, at this stage, cultural difference is overtly acknowledged and is not negatively evaluated.
The intercultural worldview is still polarized, but the poles are reversed. Peace Corps World Wise Schools Teaching About Culture Culture Matters Workbook Chapter 4 Attitudes Toward Cultural Difference: From Ethnocentrism to Ethnorelativism In this activity you look at another aspect of adjustment: attitudes toward cultural difference. About Khan Academy: Khan Academy offers practice exercises, instructional videos, and a personalized learning dashboard that empower learners to study at their own pace in and outside of the classroom. Things like this, as well as political discussions or lectures, serve as a way of simple recognition of difference. Sumner 1840 — 1910 Types of ethnocentrism There are 6 stages of ethnocentrism 1. People at this position are generally uninterested in cultural difference, but when confronted with difference their seemingly benign acceptance may change to aggressive attempts to avoid or eliminate it.
Climbing the scale, one develops a more and more ethnorelative point of view, meaning that one experiences one's own culture as in the context of other cultures. Origins of the concept There are 3 Stages of ethnorelativism 1. They can identify how culture affects a wide range of human experience and they have a framework for organizing observations of cultural difference. As far as I understand have a lot of differences in culture life such as celebration, greeting, eating manners, housing between Americans and Vietnamese people. In the integration stage, certain aspects of the other culture or cultures become a part of their identity. People in the defense stage tend to surround themselves with members of their own culture, and avoid contact with members from other cultures.