So I had the fortune or the misfortune of being a victim of the first coup ever in this country. Each tribe tries to outsmart the other. Closely related to this was the unhealthy rivalry which developed between respective administrations as they struggle for different group interest which they represented. In 1912, Lugard returned to Nigeria from his six-year term as Governor of Hong Kong, to oversee the merger of the northern and southern protectorates. However, when crisis starts in the core north why do other tribes asides Hausas panic and run for their lives? And Lugard was what they called at that time imperialist. It was based on the fact that the Northern Nigeria would have little or nothing to do with the South. Nevertheless in 1903 a major step towards amalgamation of the two coastal protectorates was taken when Sir Ralph Moor was replaced by Sir Walter Egerton, who was appointed simultaneously Governor of the Lagos Colony and Protectorate and of the Protectorate of Southern Nigeria.
He was employed by companies. There is one thing which is missing in the book and that is the first broadcast of General Ibrahim Babangida when he assumed power in 1985. All these are worshippers, though and have made numerous converts. The gap is so wide such that its so difficult for the couple to strike balance in the forced marriage. Sokoto, the seat of the caliphate, was the last Northern Territory captured by the British in 1903. The adoption of the Sharia criminal legal system by a slew of Northern Nigerian Muslim-majority states between 2000 and 2002 was the highpoint of this new politicization of religion.
The British needed the Railway from the North to the Coast in the interest of British business. They would allow a Scottish man to become Prime Minister. Although it stirred controversy in Lagos, where it was opposed by a large section of the political class and the media; the amalgamation did not stimulate passion in the rest of the country. Muslims, especially those from Northern Nigeria, for their part, have sought to fend off what they regard as unbridled Westernization and have sporadically sought refuge in parochial religious reforms. Then we got a message that we should all assemble at the Cabinet office. In the British structure, England has permanent majority in the House of Commons.
I hope that this book will find its way into all university libraries throughout this country, to all secondary school library and abroad. In August of that year the British Government, on administrative, strategic, and commercial grounds decided on a railway to give the cities of Zaria and Kano direct communication with the perennially navigable waters of the Lower Niger. Also, the boundary adjustment which accompanied the amalgamation left some geographical in-balance between the north and south thereby creating same adverse impact on subsequent nation-building efforts. He remained a Consultant Editor up to his death. Monday only Population: 110 Million 8 a.
Egerton became Governor of Lagos Colony, covering most of the lands in the southwest of what is now Nigeria, in 1903. When Egerton became Governor of Lagos he enthusiastically endorsed the extension of the — railway onward to , and the project was approved in November 1904. Lagos based on the educated elite enjoyed the legislative council system. The union which ought to serve as a unifying factor turned out to create an endless animosity between the two protectorates because none of them was prepared for it. We wanted an Acting Prime Minister to be in place but Ironsi forced us, and I use the word force advisedly, to handover to him. Taiwan and China 1 Like by m : 9:46am On Feb 21, 2013 la furia: breaking up is not the issue to me, are we going to break up in peace?.
It is a long article, but I hope you will take your time to read through and enjoy this part of our history. Although Moor and Lugard signed an agreement with regard to their boundary west of the Niger, they were unable to settle that east of the Niger. Despite resistance to this process in Lagos, the rest of the territory did not cause problems. It is not a personal union of separate colonies under the same Governor like the Windwards, it is not a Confederation of States. The British High Commissioners could depose emirs and other officials if necessary. In retrospect, Southern Nigeria and Northern Nigeria were coalesced together in 1914 to form a single colony of Nigeria. But the coup executed by an easy-going physical education corps Lt colonel, and heralded by a quixotic announcement on the radio, was botched.
They know by name the founding fathers of the United States who wrote the few pages of the American constitution in 1776, the 16 of them they know, Benjamin Franklin and co. The details are indeed interesting to the inquisitive mind and for those who seek knowledge to end this consistent political problems in Nigeria. Muslim Northern Nigerians have sometimes been targeted in revenge killings in Southern Nigeria. The oldest of the three was the Lagos Colony and Protectorate, dating back to 1861 when the British occupied the island-port of Lagos to put an end to its involvement in the slave trade and to protect British commercial and evangelical interests in the hinterland. To get the right answers presupposes asking the right questions. Did you just say Impossible? Southern Nigeria came into existence on January 1900.
Lugard went full blast and created what was to be known as the protectorate of Northern Nigeria. Introduction The 1914 Amalgamation that occurred shortly after the naming of Nigeria was one of the significant moments for British administration in Africa and a pivotal one for colonial Nigeria. Christian ethnic groups in Southern Nigeria have been drawn into these religious conflicts, with their members in Northern Nigerian cities frequently targeted by Muslim mobs. Neither their interests nor their friends are permanent. So, there was no question of Nigeria at that time. A new constitution that defines rights and privileges of citizenship in terms of residency rather than nativism, ancestry, and religion needs to be crafted.
After nearly a year of thorough field work, Lugard submitted his detailed proposal for Amalgamation on May 9 th, 1913. From 1968 to 1978 he was based in Nigeria again, first as Research Professor and Director of the Institute of African Studies at the University of Ife, then from 1971 as Professor of History at the Ahmadu Bello University also becoming Director of its Centre for Nigerian Cultural Studies, 1972-1975 and finally as Research Professor in History at the Centre for Cultural Studies at the University of Lagos, 1975-1978. His dream of over 10 years came into reality on Jan 1 1914 when his proposal with respect to amalgamation of Nigeria was granted and that was how the two territories went into matrimony without their consent. When in 1900 the protectorate passed from the Foreign Office to the Colonial Office, Ralph Moor became High Commissioner of Southern Nigeria and laid the foundations of the new administration, his health failing, he retired on pension on 1 October 1903. The Protectorates and the Colony of Lagos were quite self-autonomous and governing them with different laws proved quite a task. Lord Lugard was appointed as the first British High Commissioner of Northern Nigeria after the district administration of the Royal Niger Company was brought to an end, and formally a British protectorate was established there.