Survival requires their complete, unquestioning loyalty to one another. Himmelstoss wants to make amends with the boys, and Paul is willing to forgive him, since Himmelstoss helped Haie when he was hit in the back. The boys visit Kemmerich, a wounded soldier. Inexperienced recruits fail as reinforcements and die because they have no survival skills. The cook named Ginger is stingy. The men learn Himmelstoss is coming up to the front. But after the Nazis rose to power, Remarque's book was banned and then burned.
Paul receives seventeen days' leave, after which he is to report to a training camp away from the front for four more weeks. Rumors of a possible end to the war make the soldiers more reluctant to return to the front lines. Alienated by battle trauma, he lacks ambition and is unable to enjoy the pleasures of his youth. Paul grows morose and superstitious about his fate after narrowly escaping death in either of two foxholes while passing from one to the other. SparkNotes Literature Guides: Making the reading experience fun! Leer bleeds to death from a thigh wound. Paul sees Kemmerich's mother and lies that Kemmerich died immediately.
He later gets lost and must crawl into a muddy hole. Paul is recalled to his regiment. However, Paul and his friends are happy; they move away from the company to eat and play cards in a field, enjoying each other and being thankful for what they have. Paul stares into the eyes of a Frenchman on the ground and eventually throws a grenade at him. He begins to long to be back at battle. Paul, weighed down by combat, mentions the poplar trees, a strangely graceful, nonthreatening antithesis to the worn-out guns, which are so inaccurate that they endanger German troops. Paul reflects that, for the soldiers, life is no more than the constant avoidance of death.
Glossary Aunt Sally name of a figure of a woman's head at which balls are thrown, as in a sideshow; a person or idea seen or set up as an easy target for criticism. It helps them survive the horrendous conditions of trench warfare without losing their minds. He fought on the Western Front, where he was wounded several times. Unable to solace his flagging spirits, he looks forward to a mug of barley soup, but the meal fails to brighten his mood. His friend torments Kantorek in military exercises, much to Paul's amusement. In the summer of 1918, the war goes badly for Germany. Franz Kemmerich, Paul's friend, dies after the amputation of his leg.
He uses his power to refuse to feed the men the extra food at first. It's just that All Quiet on the Western Front is so brutal, so stunning, and so amazingly written that it was impossible to top. Face to face with a dying enemy, Paul is remorseful and tries to ease the man's sufferings. A Russian prison camp is adjacent to theirs, and Paul studies the enemy prisoners as they scavenge for food. This is highlighted in the scene where Paul mortally wounds a French soldier and then weeps bitterly as he fights to save his life while trapped in a shell crater with the body. Paul and his friends spend a lot of time talking about their petty and cruel commander during boot camp, Corporal Himmelstoss. The first battle, costing a million lives, was a Pyrrhic victory, with so much loss to combatants that neither could claim advantage.
During an attack, the company's commander and Leer die. German artillery is so worn that shells fall on German troops. As Paul buys the men drinks at the canteen, he wonders if he will see them all again--Haie has died by now, too. Their carefree ideas disappear as they watch the tragedy of war unfold. Kropp also mentions that a former teacher, Kantorek, has sent his best wishes, but Muller blows off Kantorek's letter. Remarque had already moved to Switzerland in 1932, and in 1939 he immigrated to the United States, where he was naturalized in 1947. One night while swimming nude, the men see three French women across the bank of the canal.
While the causes of the war were complex and are still debated by historians today, the spark that ignited the conflict was the assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, in Sarajevo in June of 1914. Paul is the last remaining member of his schoolmates. Paul has previously been to the camp on the moors for training, but he hardly knows anyone there now. They make plans to meet the women at their house at night when there are no guards. To learn more about cookies, please see our. Until now, he and his friends have avoided allowing the disease of war to infect them. Though the Germans are clearly losing, they fight on, and the war rages on into the summer of 1918.
He thinks of them as pathetic human beings rather than adversaries and wishes that he could know them better. He and the others attempt to retrieve the wounded, one of whom pleads for rescue but lies hidden from the search party. What is it good for? Paul feels uncomfortable at home and with others, feeling they do not understand him. Although the cannons have stopped shelling them, spotter planes strafe them with gunfire. This information helps us design a better experience for all users. Lesson Summary We meet Paul Baumer, the main character, on the frontlines of World War I. The film is not about heroism but about drudgery and futility and the gulf between the concept of war and the actuality.
While there, Paul, Albert and Leer meet three French women who are excited to sleep with soldiers. Paul returns to the front for the last time. The boys all want Kemmerich's expensive boots. The record of several schoolmates who represent a generation destroyed by the dehumanization of World War I's trench warfare, All Quiet on the Western Front tells of their enlistment in the army at the urging of their teacher, Kantorek, whose wisdom they trusted. Behind German front lines between Langemark and Bixschoote in 1916, only eighty of the original one hundred fifty soldiers of the Second Company remain fit for duty. Paul goes on convalescent leave, and his mother, sicker than before, does not want to let him go again. The trenches, blown apart, attest to the fierceness of the fight.